SectionⅠ Use of English

  Directions: Read the following text. Choosethe best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET1. (10 points)

  Peopleare, on the whole, poor at considering background information when makingindividual decisions. At first glance this might seem like a strength that 1 the ability to make judgments which areunbiased by 2 factors.But Dr. Uri Simonsohn speculated that an inability to consider the big 3 was leading decision-makers to be biased bythe daily samples of information they were working with. 4 , he theorised that a judge 5 of appearing too soft 6 crime might be more likely to send someone to prison 7 he had already sentenced five or six otherdefendants only to probation on that day。

  To 8 this idea, he turned to theuniversity-admissions process. In theory, the 9 ofan applicant should not depend on the few others 10 randomly for interview during the same day,but Dr Simonsohn suspected the truth was 11 。

  Hestudied the results of 9,323 MBA interviews, 12 by31 admissions officers. The interviewers had 13 applicantson a scale of one to five. This scale 14 numerous factors into consideration. Thescores were 15 used in conjunction with an applicant'sscore on the Graduate Management Admission Test, or GMAT, a standardised examwhich is 16 out of 800 points, tomake a decision on whether to accept him or her。

  Dr Simonsohn found if the score of the previous candidate in a daily series ofinterviewees was 0.75 points or more higher than that of the one 17 that, then the score for the nextapplicant would 18 by an average of 0.075 points. This mightsound small, but to 19 theeffects of such a decrease a candidate would need 30 more GMAT points thanwould otherwise have been 20 。

  1.[A] grant   [B] submits [C]transmits [D] delivers

  2.[A] minor [B]objective [C]crucial [D] external

  3.[A] issue [B] vision [C]picture [D] moment

  4.[A] For example [B] On average [C] Inprinciple[D] Above all

  5.[A] fond [B]fearful   [C] capable [D]thoughtless

  6.[A] in   [B] on [C]to [D]for

  7.[A] if   [B]until [C] though [D] unless

  8.[A] promote [B]emphasize [C] share [D] test

  9.[A] decision [B] quality [C]status [D] success

  10.[A] chosen [B]stupid [C]found  [D] identified

  11.[A] exceptional [B] defensible [C]replaceable [D] otherwise

  12.[A] inspired [B]expressed [C]conducted [D] secured

  13.[A] assigned [B]rated [C]matched [D] arranged

  14.[A] put [B]got [C]gave [D]took

  15.[A]instead [B]then [C]ever [D] rather

  16.[A]selected [B]passed   [C] marked [D] introduced

  17.[A]before [B] after [C]above [D] below

  18.[A] jump [B] float [C]drop [D] fluctuate

  19.[A]achieve [B]undo  [C] maintain [D]disregard

  20. [A] promising [B] possible [C]necessary [D] helpful