考研英语万能写作素材归类(语音公开课回顾)

作者: 来源:沪江考研 时间:2012-09-27 14:39

2013考研大纲已经出炉,很多同学对考研英语写作还是有点头疼,沪江考研特邀考研名师钱希老师为大家讲解考研英语写作万能素材归类公开课。(点击查看钱希老师部落主页>>

钱希老师:新东方教育科技集团资深培训师,西安交通大学外国语学院教师。考研英语、四六级资深培训师,陕西省十佳青年口译。

更多最新最有趣的沪江网公开课信息  >>请往这边走<<

课程回顾音频+讲义

Part 1:

Part 2:

主要内容:

一、2013年大作文方向预测

基于考研大纲、近十年大作文真题和前一年热点及当年次热点的捕捉,给大家一些考研作文的可能方向的一些指导,而不是考试押题。

近十年大作文分类:现象类60%,包括负面现象,有争议的现象;观点类40%。

①现象类历年真题作文举例

关于负面现象的考研真题作文 2003 “温室花朵”  2005 “养老足球”  2011 “旅游之余”

关于有争议现象的考研真题作文 2002 “美国女孩穿中国服饰” 2006 “小贝头”  2009 “网络的远与近”  2010 “文化火锅”

②观点类历年真题作文举例(重点)

2004 “重点又是新的起点”  2007 “自信”  2008“合作”  2012 “乐观”

③2013考点预测

现象类:

a. 诚信/承担责任 credibility, undertake responsibility

b. 教育/学习理念 notion of learning or education

c. 老人问题/老龄化社会 aging society/problem

d. 年轻人的生存状态:竞争压力 competition, pressure/stress 啃老族,宅一族,科技影响下的生活

e. 男女平等 gender/sexual equality

观点类:

a. 创新 innovation

b. 团结/互助/爱心 solidarity/mutual help/love

c. 成功/幸福 success/happiness

d. 选择与机遇 choice/opportunity

e. 梦想/抱负 dream/ambition

二、考研英语作文万能素材归类

1. 模板句(后面的空就是需要填写的素材)

开篇:Not until I see this picture, do I realize the significance of ______.

现状: With the life pace accelerating in modern society, individuals in mounting numbers are inclined to ______. 

成因:Initially, ______ constitutes one of the primacy reasons why a host of citizens ______.

后果:If there is no compelling interference to curb this adverse trend, ______.

建议:From my perspective, ______ should shoulder the due responsibility to ______.

展望:If we can implement as the above mentioned, ______ can be well guaranteed and ______ will be around the corner.

注:think、very、good、important、more and more等词汇尽量不用在写作中,这些单词过于简单,不能体现个人水平。

考研作文三大方面:

审题立意:身体一定要正确,看清楚作文图画提示中要表达的是什么主题,对于偏题作文,阅卷老师最多给5分。

文章框架:即文章模板,根据审题,了解作文类别,判断是观点类,负面现象类还是有争议现象类,然后选择框架进行写作,比如现状+成因+后果。

写作素材: 如果说“模板”是文章的骨架,“素材”就是文章的血肉;“模板”搭建文章的逻辑框架,“素材”让文章充实,言之有物,言之有理、只有框架没有内容,只会导致“低分模板文章”。

三、万能素材重点解析

万能素材库(十大盾牌观点)

1. 经济发展(Economic development)      2. 科技进步(Technologic advance)

3. 稳定和谐(Harmony and stability)        4. 个人成长(Personal growth)

5. 身心健康(Physical and mental health)  6. 就业压力(Employment and pressure)

7. 成功幸福(Success and happiness)      8. 文化交流(Cultural exchange)

9. 环境生态(Environmental protection)   10. 其他类素材(Other materials) 

是否有利于经济发展的相关素材

可用词汇1 educational investment,sustainable development of economy,aging problem,innovation,originality,money(profit)-oriented,pursue maximum profit,impoverished area

可用词汇2 copycat/unlicensed product,guarantee/spoil the interest of consumers,stimulate consumption,the price is soaring,block/hinder economic growth,by hook or crook,make profit(fortune),become rich overnight,evil/lawbreaking merchant(businessman)

Practice 1 问题的关键是解决不了老龄化问题不利于经济的可持续发展。(分析利弊的模板句)

It is the bottom line that failing in solving the aging problem is detrimental to sustainable development of our economy.

Practice 2 政府一直三令五申禁止生产假冒伪劣产品,但均不见成效。(分析现状的模板句)

The government has repeatedly been giving in junctions on preventing all kinds of copycat products, which, however, turns out to be ineffective.

是否有利于稳定和谐的相关素材

可用词汇1 general mood of society,stability and harmony,filial piety,wealth gap,instability,food security,conscience and morality,(un)sound social security system,legal awareness,crime/unemployment rate

可用词汇2 sufficient pension,lack of responsibility,hold great ambition to one's children,cultivate child according to one's aptitude,cram school,empty-nesters,degree/money-oriented,left-behind children

Practice 1 目前,制定出合适与完善的社会保障体系是很有必要的。(表示建议的模板句)

Currently, it's urgent and imperative to work out suitable and sound social security system.

Practice 2 缺乏诚信和社会责任感是这次毒胶囊事件的主要原因之一,它引起的只是市民的抱怨和失望。(分析原因的模板句)

Lack of credibility and social responsibility constitutes one of the primary reasons for the event of toxic capsule, giving rise to nothing but complaints and disappointment of citizens.

阻碍或促进人的成功和幸福的相关素材

可用词汇1 mutual benefits,double win,self-contentment,pursue fame and wealth,noble social status,decent jobs,high achiever,multidimensional

可用词汇2 sense of achievement,guarantee,sponsor/subsidize sb.,charity,donation,donate blood,offer help voluntarily,victims,distorted value the underprivileged,poverty-striken

Practice 1 目前很多人感受不到幸福,主要是由于价值观的扭曲,他们为了获取成功不惜一切代价。(描述现象和分析原因结合的模板句)

At present, a host of people possess no sense of happiness mainly due to their distortion of value, who pursue success at any cost.

Practice 2 毫无疑问,帮助他人是很值得的,不仅仅因为那些被提供帮助的人可以摆脱困境,更因为那些爱心人士将精神上得到嘉奖。(分析原因的模板句)

By all odds, offering assistance to others is worthwhile not only because those who are helped may get out of difficulty but because the love-dedicators will be rewarded spiritually.

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