70天攻克考研英语词汇 Day 29

作者:hmso(转帖) 来源:沪江论坛考研专区 时间:2007-07-15 10:45

emerge v.
The sun emerged from behind the clouds.
[猜一猜]  A. 遮住 B. 照耀 C. 下落 D. 露面
[翻译]  太阳从云层后探出头来。
[大头巧计]  前缀em(出来) + 词干 merge(沉没),从下面出来,即为浮现,出现。
[大头例句]  New things and ideas are emerging in large quantities nowadays. 现在,新生事物和新的观点正大量涌现。
[近义词]  appear出现,公开露面

emergency n.
The new president has an amazing capability to handle emergencies.
[猜一猜]  A. 出现 B. 紧急情况 C. 战争 D. 纠纷
[翻译]  新上任的总统有着惊人的处理突发事件的能力。

faulty a.
There's something faulty in his statement.
[猜一猜]  A. 有错误的 B. 深刻的 C. 做作的 D. 虚伪的
[翻译]  他的陈述中有些毛病。

despair n.
Failures repeating failures throw him in despair but no one is capable of helping him.
[猜一猜]  A. 堕落 B. 绝望 C. 不满 D. 抛弃
[翻译]  一次次的失败让他濒临绝望,但是没人帮得了他。
[分析]  de + spair   off + spirit → 失去精神力量,绝望
[词义扩展]  v. (of)对…绝望
  I've despaired of receiving offer from that company. 我已不抱希望能收到那个公司的邀请函。

criterion n.
His criterion of happiness is to fulfill his dream.
[猜一猜]  A. 愿望 B. 标准,准则 C. 价值 D. 代价
[翻译]  对他来说快乐的标准是实现自己的梦想。

critic n.
His works received the praise of many critics.
[猜一猜]  A. 批评家,评论家 B. 专家 C. 学者 D. 教授
[翻译]  他的作品得到许多评论家的赞扬。

critical a.
I am tired of his critical words.
[猜一猜]  A. 善意的 B. 虚假的 C. 批评的 D. 粗鲁的
[翻译]  我听够了他那些批评的话。
[词义扩展]  a. ① 危急的,紧要的
  You must calm down in this critical moment. 在这紧要关头你必须保持镇定。
  ② 临界的
  The critical problem now we are facing is money. 我们现在面临的首要问题是钱。

criticism n.
He shut all criticism out.
[猜一猜]  A. 劝告 B. 批评 C. 意见 D. 建议
[翻译]  他听不进任何批评。

criticize/criticise v.
He never lost chance to criticize his son.
[猜一猜]  A. 教育 B. 批评 C. 殴打 D. 嘲笑
[翻译]  他总是不失时机地批评他的儿子。
[分析]  crit + (i)size  to judge + 动词词尾 → 评论,批评

exclude v.
The authority excluded the matter from broadcast.
[猜一猜]  A. 包括 B. 拒绝 C. 放弃 D. 赞成
[翻译]  当局禁止报道那件事。
[分析]  ex + clude   出来+ 关上 → 把……关在外 → 拒绝,排斥
[大头例句]  They excluded him from membership of the club. 他们拒绝接纳他为俱乐部会员。
[近义词]  bar 禁止,除…之外; forbid 禁止,不许; keep out 使在外

exclusive a.
The newspaper office has an exclusive access to some important affairs.
[猜一猜]  A. 独占的 B. 快速的 C. 迟缓的 D. 报道的
[翻译]  这家报社有着对重大事件的独家报道权。
[分析]  ex+ clude+ sive  出来+ 关上+ 形容词词尾 → 把…关在外面的 → 排外的独与的
[大头例句]  In the feudal society, the aristocracy enjoyed some exclusive privileges. 在封建社会,贵族独享特权。

fair a./n.
[词义]  a. 公平的,合理的;相当的,尚好的;晴朗的;金发的n. 集市,交易会,博览会
[近义词]  clear 清晰的  impartial 公平的  just 公正合理的

fairly ad.
[词义]  ad. 公正地,正当地;相当,还算

execute v.
The newly approved scheme was executed immediately.
[猜一猜]  A. 废止 B. 执行 C. 通过 D. 讨论
[翻译]  那项新通过的计划马上被执行了。
[分析]  ex + secute  出+ 跟着,跟着出去 → 执行,实施
[大头例句]  The committee executed the superior's instruction strictly. 委员会严格执行上级的指示。
[近义词]  enforce 执行,加强;implement 贯彻执行;perform 履行,执行;carry out 实现,执行

executive n./a.
[词义]  n. 总经理,董事,行政负责人a. 执行的,实施的
[大头例句]  The Chief Executive Officer was present at the annual conference. 首席执行官出席了年度大会。

follow v.
Proper attitude toward failure may be followed by success.
[猜一猜]  A. 导致 B. 跟随,接着 C. 欣赏 D. 使…成为条件
[翻译]  对失败的正确态度可能会带来成功。
[词义扩展]  v. ① 领会
  Can you follow me? 你们能理解吗?
  ② 沿着…前进,遵循
  We should absorb new concept into socialism building, instead of following the every words of president Mao. 我们应该吸收新的概念来建设我们的社会主义,而不是听从毛主席的每一句话。③ 结果是Weakness of body always follows giving birth to baby. 产后总是会很虚弱。
[词组]  as follows 如下
  main reasons as follows. 主要原因如下所述。
[近义词]  pursue; trail;  observe

following a.
Luckily, it was a sunny day when we left, though the following days were windy.
[猜一猜]  A. 接着的,下列的 B. 跟随的 C. 遵从的 D. 前面的
[翻译]  很幸运,我们走的那天是个晴天,即使接下来的日子一直在刮风。
[分析]  follow+ ing  跟随,接着+ 形容词词尾 → 接着的,下面的

entertain v.
The manager entertained the foreign investors in the hotel.
[猜一猜]  A. 签约 B. 会见 C. 合作 D. 款待
[翻译]  经理在酒店里招待了外商投资者。
[大头巧计]  前缀enter在…之间;tain 保持,保持关系,引申为招待,款待。
[词义扩展]  v. 使娱乐,使欢乐
  To break the silence, he told a joke to entertain us. 为打破沉默,他讲了一个笑话使我们高兴。
[近义词]  amuse 使愉快;delight 使高兴,使欣喜

entertainment n.
[词义] n. 招待,款待;表演文娱节目

date n.
What's the date today?
[猜一猜]  A. 日期 B. 星期 C. 月份 D. 天气
[翻译]  今天是几号?
[词义扩展]  v. 注明…的日期 Don't forget to date your cheque. 不要忘记在支票上写日期。
  n. 约会
  She has got a date, so she can not go to your party. 她已有约会,所以不能去参加你的派对。
  v. 约会
  He will date Mary for the cinema. 他将约玛丽看电影。
[词组] out of date 过期
  You have to pay special attention to the package of the food to see whether it is out of date or not. 你得注意食品的包装,看它有没有过期。
  to date 到目前为止
  He hasn't written to me to date. 他到现在还没给我写信。
  up to date 时髦的
  She wears clothes that are up to date. 她穿着时髦的衣服。

distillation n.
Sea water can be made drinkable by distillation to get rid of salt in it.
[猜一猜]  A. 办法 B. 蒸馏 C. 消除 D. 改进
[翻译]  可以用蒸馏法除去海水中的盐分以制取饮用水。
[分析]  distil(la) + tion 蒸馏 + 名词词尾 → 蒸馏,蒸馏法

exhibit v.
The museum exhibited a lot of invaluable antiques these days.
[猜一猜]  A. 拍卖 B. 展览 C. 购回 D. 丢失
[翻译]  博物馆这几天展出了大量价值连城的古董。
[分析]  ex+ hibit  出来+ 拥有 → 把拥有的东西拿出来 → 展示,陈列
[大头例句]  The counsel exhibited some sound evidence to prove the defendant's innocence. 辩护律师出示了有力的证据来证明被告是无辜的。
[近义词]  display陈列,展览,显示;show展览,炫耀

exhibition n.
[词义]  n. 展览会;陈列,展览
[大头巧计]  前缀ex出来;词干 hibit=have 拥有,把拥有的东西拿出来;后缀ion为名词词尾,引申为展出,陈列。
[大头例句]  There will be an exhibition of photography in the national museum. 国家博物馆将会有一场摄影艺术展览会。

fate n.
I believe in fate although I'm optimistic.
[猜一猜]  A. 神明 B. 上帝 C. 命运 D. 机遇
[翻译]  我是个乐观的人,但我仍然相信命运。

fatal a.
The death of his son is a fatal strike to him.
[猜一猜]  A. 致命的 B. 沉重的 C. 失望的 D. 绝望的
[翻译]  他儿子的死对他是个致命的打击。
[分析]  fat(e) + al  命运+ 形容词词尾 → 关于命运的 → 致命的

incident n.
Xi'an incident is considered a turning point in the history of China.
[猜一猜]  A. 首都 B. 打仗 C. 文件 D. 事变
[翻译]  西安事变被认为是中国历史上的一个转折点。

incidentally ad.
Her name was just incidentally mentioned at the end of the speech.
[猜一猜]  A. 特别地 B. 大声地 C. 兴奋地 D. 附带地,顺便地
[翻译]  她的名字只是在讲话最后被附带地提了一下。

intricate a.
Here you can find beautiful pots and bowls engraved with delicate and intricate traditional designs.
[猜一猜]  A. 错综复杂的 B. 古典的 C. 现代的 D. 巨大的
[翻译]  在这儿你可以看到美丽的锅碗,雕刻着精细复杂的传统图案。
[近义词]  complex

joke n.
To break the silence, she told some very funny jokes.
[猜一猜]  A. 笑话 B. 讲话 C. 朗诵 D. 诗选
[翻译]  她讲了几个很有趣的笑话以打破沉默。
[词义扩展]  v. 讲笑话,开玩笑
  You mustn't joke with him about religion. 有关宗教的事你不能和他开玩笑。

listen v.
We listened carefully, but heard nothing.
[猜一猜]  A. 听 B. 看 C. 想 D. 听话
[翻译]  我们仔细听了,但是什么都没听到。
[词义扩展]  v. 听从
  We should listen to our parents' instructions. 我们应该听从父母的教诲。

loyal a.
He has remained loyal to the team, even though they lose every game.
[猜一猜]  A. 合格的 B. 高级的 C. 忠诚的 D. 喜欢的
[翻译]  尽管球队每一场球都输了,他仍然忠实地支持他们。

loyalty n.
We all have a loyalty to the company.
[猜一猜]  A. 喜欢 B. 忠诚 C. 尊敬 D. 服务
[翻译]  我们都很忠实于我们的公司。
[大头巧计]  loyal + ty  忠诚的+ 名词词尾 → 忠诚

material n.
The price of building materials has gone up.
[猜一猜]  A. 物质 B. 材料 C. 物体 D. 实体
[翻译]  建筑材料的价格已经上涨了。
[词义扩展]  a. 物质的,实体的
  He wanted material things like money, possession. 他想要一些物质上的东西,比如金钱,财产。

materialism n.
Materialism probably emerged in the 4th century B.C.
[猜一猜]  A. 唯心主义 B. 实用主义 C. 物质主义 D. 个人主义
[翻译]  物质主义可能出现在公元前四世纪。
[分析]  material + ism  物质+ 表主义的后缀 → 物质主义

mysterious a.
There are mysterious lights at night in that house.
[猜一猜]  A. 神秘的 B. 废品 C. 回忆的 D. 平时的
[翻译]  那座房子晚上有神秘的亮光。
[分析]  mystery + ious  神秘 + 形容词词尾 → 神秘的,可疑的

mystery n.
Have you heard about the mystery of the ship that disappeared?
[猜一猜]  A. 反映 B. 大批 C. 神秘 D. 恐怖
[翻译]  你听说关于那艘船神秘失踪的事了吗?
[词义扩展]  n. 神秘小说,侦探小说
  She often likes reading mystery at night. 她总喜欢在夜里读侦探小说。

myth n.
Ancient Greek myths are very attractive.
[猜一猜]  A. 语言 B. 寓言 C. 服帖 D. 神话
[翻译]  古希腊神话很吸引人。

paper n.
He used a blank sheet of paper to cover the box on the desk.
[猜一猜]  A. 纸 B. 布 C.衣服 D. 窗帘
[翻译]  他用一张白纸盖住了桌上的盒子。
[词义扩展]  n. ① 报纸
  What does the Party Paper say about the international situation?党报对国际局势怎么说?
  ② 试卷
  Teachers look over examination papers quite carefully. 老师仔细地阅读试卷。
  ③ 文章,论文
  He is writing a paper on this subject. 他正就这个题目写论文。
  ④ (pl.) 官方文件
  If you want to go abroad,you had better make your papers prepared.  如果你想出国,最好把证件准备好。
  v. 裱糊
  Having no money, she papered her wall with newspapers. 没有钱,她就用报纸糊墙。

hostile a.
He felt her hostile attitude towards him.
[猜一猜]  A. 敌意 B. 好感 C. 生气 D. 利用
[翻译]  他感到了她对自己的敌意。

kiss v.
He kissed his wife goodbye.
[猜一猜]  A. 吻 B. 目送 C. 嘱托 D. 思念
[翻译]  他吻别了妻子。
[词义扩展]  n. 吻
  The young man gave his lover a kiss the moment they parted. 当分别时,年轻人给了爱人一个吻。

foresee v.
He has already foreseen the things will turn out a mess before.
[猜一猜]  A 预见, 预知 B. 向前看 C. 明白, 理解 D. 诅咒
[翻译]  他早就已经预料事情会一团糟。
[分析]  fore+ see  前面的+ 看到 → 提前看到 → 预知, 预见

erroneous a.
In some underdeveloped areas, there are still some erroneous superstition prevailing.
[猜一猜]  A. 错误的 B. 保守的 C. 原始的 D. 毒害的
[翻译]  在一些欠发达地区,一些错误的迷信思想依然流行。
[分析]  err+ neous  犯错+ 形容词词尾 → 错误的,犯错的
[近义词]  false错的; wrong错误的; incorrect不正确的

error n.
[词义] 错误,过失

foreign a.
It has been saying that the foreign moon is always brighter.
[猜一猜]  A. 头目 B. 外国的,无关的,不相干的 C. 先行者 D. 国内的
[翻译]  人们总说外国的月亮更亮。
[词义扩展]  a. ① 外来的
  A large number of foreign words are involved into English. 英语中有大量的外来词。
  ② 异质的
  His humor is foreign to the phenomenon. 他的幽默与现在的气氛不符.
[近义词]  strange; alien;

exoticforeigner n.
The Act points out that the foreigner also can not escape the local rules.
[猜一猜]  A. 外国人 B. 居民 C. 罪犯 D. 民工
[翻译]  法案指出外国人也必须遵守当地的规章制度。

forgive v.
I think he will forgive you no matter what you have done unless you tell a lie.
[猜一猜]  A. 忘记, 遗忘 B. 原谅, 饶恕 C. 感激, 感谢 D. 惩罚
[翻译]  除非你撒谎, 要不然不论你做什么他都会原谅你的。
[近义词]  pardon; excuse

excite v.
[词义]  刺激,使激动;激发,激励
[近义词]  stimulate 刺激,激励; encourage 鼓励

excitement n.
[词义]  刺激,激动

exciting a.
[词义] 令人兴奋的,使人激动的
[近义词] stimulating 刺激的; cordial 兴奋的,热忱的

forth ad.
From that day forth, Chinese people began to have their own feet.
[猜一猜]  A. 向前 B. 向里 C. 向右 D. 向左
[翻译]  自那日起,中国人民独立的。
[词组]  and so forth 等等,诸如此类
  There are various kinds of fruit on the wooden table, such as pear, apple, coconut, and so forth. 那张木桌上有很多种水果,比如梨子,苹果,椰子等等。

forthcoming a.
The forthcoming cherry festival will adapt some new format.
[猜一猜]  A. 前面的 B. 外面的 C. 即将到来的 D. 期待中的
[翻译]  即将到来的樱桃节会有一些新的形式。
[联想记忆]  forth (前面的)+coming (来)→即将到来的

       

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