Part Ⅳ English-Chinese Translation Directions: Read the following passage carefully and then translate the underlined sentences into Chinese.Your translation must be written neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.(15 points)
In less than 30 years time the Star Trek holodeck will be a reality.Direct links between the brains nervous system and a computer will also create full sensory virtual environments,allowing virtual vacations like those in the film Total Recall. (71) There will be television chat shows hosted by robots,and cars with pollution monitors that will disable them when they offend. (72) Children will play with dolls equipped with personality chips,computers with in-built personalities will be regarded as workmates rather than tools,relaxation will be in front of smelltelevision,and digital age will have arrived.
According to BTs futurologist,Ian Pearson,these are among the developments scheduled for the firsr few decades of the new millennium (a period of 1,000 years),when supercomputers will dramatically accelerate progress in all areas of life.(73) Pearson has pieced together the work of hundreds of researchers around the world to produce a unique millennium technology calendar that gives the latest dates when we can expect hundreds of key breakthroughs and discoveries to take place.Some of the biggest developments will be in medicine,including an extended life expectancy and dozens of artificial organs coming into use between now and 2040. Pearson also predicts a breakthrough in computerhuman links.“By linking directly to our nervous system,computers could pick up what we feel and,hopefully, simulate feeling too so that we can start to develop full sensory environments,rather like the holidays in Total Recall or the Star Trek holodeck,”he says.(74) But that,Pearson points out,is only the start of manmachine integration:“It will be the beginning of the long process of integration that will ultimately lead to a fully electronic human before the end of the next century.”
Through his research,Pearson is able to put dates to most of the breakthroughs that can be predicted.However,there are still no forecasts for when fasterthanlight travel will be available,or when human cloning will be perfected,or when time travel will be possible.But he does expect social problems as a result of technological advances.A boom in neighborhood surveillance cameras will,for example,cause problems in 2010,while the arrival of synthetic lifelike robots will mean people may not be able to distinguish between their human friends and the droids.(75) And home appliances will also become so smart that controlling and operating them will result in the breakout of a new psychological disorderkitchen rage.