18考研英语:词根词缀联想记忆法(epi/eu/ex)

作者: 来源:屠皓民老师 2017-10-10 16:34

1、epi-表示"在….上,在….周围,在….后面"
epidemic 流行性的(epi+dem人民+ic→在人民周围→流行的)~flu
epigram 警句,格言(epi+gram写→写在上面的话→格言)diagram图解
epilogue 后记,结尾部分(epi+logue说→在后面说的话→后记)dialogue,<dict>,<logy>
episode 一段经历,片段(epi+sode路→在路上→一段经历;片段)a single event or group of related events
epitome 梗概,缩影(epi+tome卷册→〔一卷书后的〕梗概)/典范 highest example

2、eu-表示"好,优秀"
eulogize 赞美(eu+log说+ize→说好话)in a writing or speech
euphemism 委婉的词语(eu+phem讲话+ism→讲好话)
euphonious 声音优美的(eu+phon声音+ious→声音好听的)pleasant sound phone
eurhythmic 协调的(eu+rhythm节奏+ic)
euphoria 幸福愉快感(eu+phor带来+ia→带来美好→愉快)extreme happiness
eugenics 优生学(eu+gen产出+ics→产生优秀〔后代〕→优秀生)

3、ex-
① 表示"出,出去"
exclude 排外(ex+clude关闭→关出去→排外)include
expel 赶出,逐出(ex+pel推→推出去→逐出):force sb to leave a school,organisation or country repel,dispel
expose 暴露(ex+pose放→放出去→暴露)pose 姿势exposure to,<pone>,<late>放
exalt 使升高(ex+alt高→高出来→升高)to raise someone to a higher rank=promote, altitude 海拔
extract 抽出,拔出(ex+tract拉→拉出→拔出)abstract,distract
excise 切除(ex+cise切→切出→切除) remove,esp by cutting abscise
exceed 超过,超出(ex+ceed走→走出→超出)proceed
exhale 呼气(ex+hale气→出气→呼气)inhale
exhume 掘出,挖出(ex+hume土→出土→挖出) remove a dead body humid
expurgate 净化;删去(ex+purg冲洗+ate→冲洗出来→净化)remove offensive writing

② 表示"前面的,前任的"
ex-wife前妻(ex前+wife妻子)
ex-president 前任总统(ex前+president总统)

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