众所周知,英语文章最重“逻辑”。逻辑关系题在完型中,每年必考,考查题目数为2至8道,弄清句子之间逻辑关系的意义不仅在做对逻辑关系题,对全文理解及逻辑关系外的其它所有选项都具有指导意义。以下为跨考英语教研室老师总结的完型十大逻辑关系及标志词,希望对2013年考研考生具有一定参考意义。

ü     并列关系

标志词:and; and also; or; neither nor; either or; not only…but (also)…; in the same  way; that is to say; similarly; likewise; equally; as well as, same…as;

ü     递进关系

标志词:also; then; besides; in addition; additionally; furthermore; what is more; moreover; indeed; apart from;above all

ü     因果关系:

标志词:because; for; since; as; therefore; consequently; hence; so; thus; so…that; such… that; in order that; accordingly(因此;于是;相应地); due to; thanks to; as a result; in that(= because); now that(既然); because of; considering that, seeing that; in response to; for this reason;

Eg. Now that you are grown up, you should not rely on your parents.

ü     转折关系

标志词:but; however; on the contrary; contrarily; by contrast; in contrast; conversely; instead of ; rather than; unlike, on the other hand; unfortunately;

ü     让步关系

标志词: although; though; even though; even; even if; nevertheless; despite; in spite of; while; as;

Eg. While he loves his students, he is very strict with them.

King as he was, he was not happy / Child as he is, he knows a lot.

Hard though/as he tried, he failed.

ü     列举关系

标志词  first\second\last of all; in the first place\in the second place\finally; to begin with\ to continue; first…then; on one hand…on the other hand; for one thing…for another; one…another; some…others…still others;

ü     对比关系

标志词while; whereas ; as; instead of; rather than; not…but;

ü     时间关系

标志词when; whenever, before; after; since; as; while; until; till; simultaneously; meanwhile; in the meantime, at the same time;

ü     条件关系

标志词if; only if; if only; unless, otherwise; as soon as; as long as; providing that; provided that; on condition that; when; whenever; with;

ü      举例关系

标志词such as, for example, for instance, of (these, those, them); among (these, those, them), to illustrate, as an illustration, to take an example, more specifically speaking, namely.

总结:句子间的逻辑关系不仅在完型中及其重要,在阅读、写作中亦具重大意义。考生在复习真题时,应有意识地留意分析句子的逻辑词,了解英语文章行文逻辑,进而总结英语文章的总体结构特征。

相关推荐:

公开课预告:文都名师徐可风解析2013考研英语大纲>>

公开课预告:文都名师汤家凤解读2013考研数学大纲>>

公开课预告:文都名师任燕翔解析2013考研政治大纲>>

更多2013考研大纲消息请关注沪江考研2013考研大纲分站>>