四六级词汇背诵收藏版!内附例句解读!

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四级词汇:

1. acquaint /ə'kwent/ vt. (with) 使了解
The Internet and newspapers acquaint us with recent happenings around the world. 互联网和报纸使我们能及时了解天下之事。

2. advantage /əd'væntɪdʒ/ n. 优点;好处
Every advantage has its disadvantage. 有利必有弊。

3. certificate /sɚ'tɪfɪkɪt/ n. 证书,执照
These three certificates establish a claim against you for quality discrepancy. 这三份证明书证实质量不符,所以我们向贵公司提出索赔。

4. civil /'sɪvl/ adj. 公民的,国内的;民用的;民事的;文明的
Until now, Gone with the Wind, a film about the American Civil War, has still been regarded as the best Hollywood make. 直到现在,《乱世佳人》(《飘》)这部关于美国内战的影片仍被认为是好莱坞的扛鼎之作。

5. conflict /'kɑnflɪkt/ n. 冲突;战争;vi. 冲突
Do American immigration laws conflict with any international laws? 美国的移民法与国际法有抵触吗?

6. counter /'kaʊntɚ/ n. 柜台;筹码;计数器;vt. 反驳;ad. 反方向地
I countered her arguments by pointing out the advantages of my plan. 我指出自己所做计划的优点以反驳她的论点。

7. detective /dɪ'tɛktɪv/ n. 侦探
Edgar Allan Poe’s The Murders in the Rue Morgue is considered the world's first real detective story. 埃德加·爱伦·坡的小说《莫格街谋杀案》被认为是世界上第一本真正的侦探小说。

8. dismiss /dɪs'mɪs/ vt. 不再考虑;解雇;解散;驳回
Bryant claims he was unfairly dismissed from his post. 布赖恩特声称自己被无理免职。

9. evident /'ɛvɪdənt/ adj. 明显的
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal. (Thomas Jefferson) 我们认为这些真理不证自明——人皆生而平等。(托马斯·杰斐逊)

10. filter /'fɪltɚ/ n. 滤器;v. 过滤;(消息等)走漏
All drinking water must be filtered. 饮用水都必须过滤净化。

11. govern /'ɡʌvɚn/ vt. 统治;支配
Britain has a queen, but it is the prime minister and the cabinet who govern. 英国有女王,但执政的是首相和内阁。

12. inhabitant /ɪn'hæbɪtənt/ n. 居民
American Indians were the earliest inhabitants of America. 美洲印第安人是美洲最早的居民。

13. lodge /lɑdʒ/ vi. 借宿;vt. 供……以临时住宿;n. 乡间小屋
The travelers lodged in motels every night. 这些旅行者每晚都借宿汽车旅馆。

14. intermediate /ˌɪntɚ'midɪət/ adj. 中间的;中级的
The pupa is at an intermediate stage of development; it is intermediate between the egg and the adult butterfly. 蛹是蝴蝶发育的中间阶段,介于卵和成虫之间。

15. jealous /'dʒɛləs/ adj. 妒忌的;精心守护的
Some girls easily get jealous of other girls’ beauty. 有些女孩容易妒忌其他女孩的美貌。

16. loose /lus/ adj. 松的;不精确的;自由的
The older you become, the looser your skin will be. 年纪越大,皮肤就会越松弛。

17. loosen /'lusn/ v. 解开;松弛
You should loosen up (your muscles) before and after doing physical exercises. 运动前后,应该放松一下(肌肉)。

18. necessity /nə'sɛsəti/ n. 必需品;必要(性)
Those refugees lack money even for basic food and water-the necessities of life. 那些难民没钱买起码的食品和水等生活的必需品。

19. objection /əb'dʒɛkʃən/ n. 反对;反对的理由
“What do you think of my proposal?” “I don't have any objection to it.”“你觉得我的建议怎么样?”“我没异议。”

20. preface /ˈprefɪs/ n. 序言
The characteristics of this book are mentioned on the cover and in the preface. 本书的特色在封面和前言都有提及。

21. proportion /prə'pɔrʃən/ n. 比例;部分;均衡
The proportion of boys to girls is usually about four to one in science and engineering colleges. 理工大学的男女生比例通常是4:1。

22. render /'rɛndɚ/ vt. 使得;给予;翻译
Fatness renders a person clumsy. 身体肥胖使人笨拙。

23. representative /'rɛprɪ'zɛntətɪv/ n. 代表;adj.(of)有代表性的
In Britain, representatives in the House of Commons are elected by the British people. 在英国,下议院代表是英国人民选出的。

24. somehow /'sʌmhaʊ/ ad. 用某种方法;不知怎么地
Maybe we could glue it together somehow or other. 说不定我们会有办法把它给粘起来。

25. somewhat /'sʌmwʌt/ ad. 稍微,有点
It is somewhat difficult to answer this question. 要回答这个问题有点困难。

26. specify /'spɛsɪfaɪ/ vt. 明确说明
It is against federal law in the U.S. to specify skin colour in a newspaper ad for roommates. 在美国,在报纸广告上具体指明合租者必须是某种肤色是违反联邦法律的。

27. strategy /'strætədʒi/ n. 战略,策略
Mao Zedong was a great strategist skilled in military strategy. 毛和谐泽东是一位善于制定军事策略的伟大的军事战略家。

28. typical /'tɪpɪkl/ adj. 典型的
The architecture of the Chinese imperial garden the Old Summer Palace has a typical baroque style—highly ornate and extravagant. 中国帝王御花园圆明园的建筑风格是典型的巴洛克风格——装饰极其奢华。

29. vice /vaɪs/ n. 缺点;邪恶,恶行
Greed, jealousy, dishonesty and lewdness are considered to be vices; and of all vices, lewdness is the worst. 贪婪、嫉妒、欺诈和淫欲被视为恶行,而万恶淫为首。

30. appetite /'æpəˌtaɪt/ n. 胃口;欲望
A good appetite is a good sauce. (谚)饥不择食。(好胃口是好的调味汁。)


六级词汇:

1. alert /ə'lɜːt/ a. 警觉的 vt. 向……报警;使意识到 n. 警戒;警报
Keeping alert in the fire is important for people's finding the way out. 发生火警时,保持机警对于人们逃生来讲很重要。

2. fatal /'feɪtl/ a. 致命的;重大的
“To be or not to be” was the fatal decision for Hamlet. 对于哈姆雷特来说,“是活下去,还是选择死亡"是一个重大的决定。”

3. behalf /bɪ'hɑːf/ n. 利益,方面
Mother Teresa’s efforts on behalf of Calcutta’s poor eventually brought her the Nobel Peace Prize. 德兰修女为加尔各答穷人所做的一切努力最终为她赢得了诺贝尔和平奖。

4. decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ n./v. 下降;衰退;谢绝
Cinderella had to decline the prince’s invitation and returned home before 12 o’clock at night. 灰姑娘不得不谢绝王子,在晚上12点之前赶回家。

5. collapse /kə'læps/ vi./n. 倒塌;崩溃
Numerous houses collapsed in the Wenchuan Earthquake in 2008. 2008年,无数的房屋在汶川地震中倒塌。

6. negative /'negətɪv/ a. 否定的;消极的;负的 n. 底片;负数
I didn't do well in the interview with Unilever and I am afraid of getting a negative response. 我到联合利华公司的面试不理想,现在真害怕收到否定的答复。

7. obligation /ɒblɪ'geɪʃn/ n. 义务,责任
Supporting elderly parents is every adult's obligation. 赡养上年纪的父母是每个成年人的义务。

8. hostile /'hɒstaɪl/ a. 敌意的;敌方的
It was very strange how hostile she was to all the beautiful girls approaching her husband. 很奇怪,她对所有接近她丈夫的漂亮女孩都心存敌意。

9. inferior /ɪn'fɪərɪə/ a. 劣等的;下级的 n. 下级
No inferior products should be allowed to pass. 决不允许放过任何次品。

10. formal /'fɔːml/ a. 正式的;形式上的
Business letters are usually formal, but we write in an informal way to family members or friends. 商业信件通常都是讲究格式的,但我们给家人或朋友写信就比较随便了。

11. launch /lɔːntʃ/ vt. 发动;(into, in)使开始从事;使下水;发射 n. 发射,投产
Early Bird, the world’s first commercial communications satellite, was launched from Cape Kennedy in Florida in 1965. 世界上第一个商用通信卫星—“晨鸟”卫星于1965年在(美国)佛罗里达州的肯尼迪角发射。

12. identical /aɪ'dentɪkl/ a.(to, with)相同的
My opinions are not always identical with my parents’. 我的意见并不总是和父母的意见相同。

13. mechanism /'meknɪzəm/ n. 机械装置;机制;办法
The watch made in Switzerland works well. The mechanisms must be very special. 这块瑞士产的表走得很好,它的装置一定很特别。

14. internal /ɪn'tɜːnl/ a. 内的;国内的;内心的
A theory has its internal logic. 每种理论都有其内在逻辑性。

15. elaborate /ɪ'læbərət/ a. 精心计划的;复杂的 vi. 详述 vt. 详述;详细制订
Just tell me the plain facts. No need to elaborate. 告诉我简单的事实就行了,不要详细说明。

16. expense /ɪk'spens/ n. 花费;(pl.)开支
House repairs, holidays and other expenses reduced her bank balance to almost nothing. 修房子、度假和其他开销使她在银行的存款所剩无几。

17. bulk /bʌlk/ n. (巨大)物体;主体;(大)量 vi. 变得越来越大(或重要) vt. 使更大(或更厚)
The bulk of the chickens had to be killed because of the bird flu virus. 由于禽流感病毒,大部分的鸡都不得不被宰杀掉。

18. arbitrary /'ɑːbɪtrərɪ/ a. 任意的;专断的
The diet for people who are on a diet imposes overall calorie limits, but daily menus are arbitrary. 减肥食谱规定了总的热量限制,但每天的菜单可据喜好自定。

19. competition /ˌkɒmpəˈtɪʃn/ n. 竞争,比赛
The competition between Coca Cola and Pepsi Cola has been on for a long time. 可口可乐与百事可乐的竞争由来已久。

20. chip /tʃɪp/ n. 碎片;(常pl.)炸土豆条;集成电路片;瑕疵;筹码 vt. 削下
Friends are chocolate chips in the cookie of life. 在生活中,朋友就像曲奇饼上的巧克力碎片。

21. stock /stɒk/ n. 库存;股票;世系;汤汁;(总称)家畜 v. 储备 a. 常备的
The New York stock exchange crashed in 1929. 纽约股票交易所于1929年大崩溃。

22. panic /'pænɪk/ n. 惊慌 v.(使)恐慌
SARS or atypical pneumonia once caused a great panic among people. 非典型性肺炎曾引起人们极大的恐慌。

23. peer /pɪə/ n. 同龄人;贵族 vt. 仔细看
To lessen peer (group) pressure, many schools require their students to wear uniforms. 为减少来自同龄群体的压力,许多学校要求学生们穿校服。

24. rarely /'reəlɪ/ ad. 不常,难得
Rarely is progress made in giant leaps. 很少有一步登天的事情。

25. abandon /ə'bændən/ vt. 放弃;抛弃
The heartless man abandoned his disabled wife and ran away with all their money. 那个没良心的男人抛弃了残疾的妻子,还卷走了两人所有的钱。

26. complain /kəm'pleɪn/ vi. 抱怨;投诉
Don’t always complain; remember this: no pains, no gains. 别总是抱怨个不停,记住:一分耕耘,一分收获。

27. acknowledge /ək'nɒlɪdʒ/ vt. 承认;确认;报偿
Michael Jordan was acknowledged as the best basketball player in the NBA. 迈克尔·乔丹是公认的前NBA最佳篮球选手。

28. function /'fʌŋkʃən/ n. 功能;职能;重大聚会;函数 vi. 运行
An old machine won’t function properly if you don't oil it regularly. 旧机器如果不经常上油是不能正常运转的。

29. circuit /'sɜːkɪt/ n. 电路;环行
I run two circuits of the track every morning in order to pass the 800-meter running test. 为了800米考试过关,我每天早晨沿跑道跑两圈。

30. scandal /'skændl/ n. 丑事;流言飞语;反感
The former president of the Philippines took tax money for his own use. It was such a scandal. 菲律宾前总统贪污税款,可谓一大丑闻。 

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四六级高频重点词汇,内附例句解读!考研党与即将考四六级的同学都可以收藏进行学习背诵。 http://i1.w.hjfile.cn/topic/kaoyanyizu8572.jpg
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